The replacement for the damaged piece came in the mail in record speed and I was able to systematically take the loom apart and put it back together again without any problems.
I had to go out and buy a new screw to match the one I already had (from the undamaged side) and once installed, I warped the loom.
Well, I attempted to warp the loom. I warped from front to back after getting the book Warping All By Yourself by Cay Garrett. I discovered that I did not measure and use the warping board correctly. Instead of having a 2 yard warp before I got to the cross, I instead measured 2 yards to the cross and back which unfortunately resulted in a 1 yard warp. You can see that I have hardly any length.
I decided to leave it until I get back from vacation and use the green yarn for the warp and the brown pieces for the weft. Not a catastrophe but it could have been better. I took a pattern out of my Handweaver's Pattern Directory of 2/2 twill. With the brown and green, it should go with anything in my house.